Potential Analysis of Lemna sp. Extract as Immunostimulant to Increase Non-Specific Immune Response of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) against Aeromonas hydrophila

Eric Armando, Ayu Lestiyani, R. Adharyan Islamy

Abstract


Lemna sp. is known to have several bioactive compounds and polysaccharide macromolecules that can function as immunomodulators to affect non-specific immune responses to increase the body's resistance to pathogens. This study aims to determine the potential of catfish eye extract as an immunostimulant by observing non-specific tilapia immune parameters. The extraction method used was 96% ethanol maceration for 2 days with a ratio of 1: 4. The experimental design used a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments (doses 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 mg/kg, control + and control -) and 3 replications. The non-specific parameters of immunity observed included total plasma protein (Bradford method), superoxide dismutase and lysozyme activity. The data obtained will be analyzed using ANOVA, if there is a significant difference, it will be further tested with Duncan Multiple. Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that the highest total plasma protein was found in treatment C (giving an extract of 0.3 mg/kg body weight) with an average total plasma protein after 12 days of maintenance of 4.99 g / dL. The extract dose of 0.3 mg/body weight showed a rapid decrease in SOD and increase Lysozyme activity.

Keywords


Immunostimilant; Immune Response; Lemna sp.; Tilapia

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.rjls.2021.008.01.6

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