Abundance and Diversity of Fruit Flies Species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Bogor and Depok District

Evy Octavia, Hagus Tarno, Toto Himawan, Yogo Setiawan


Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are important pests of horticultural crops. This study investigates the abundance and species richness of Bogor and Depok District as a center area horticulture commodity based on Cue Lure Trap. Each Cue Lure Trap was observed to record the abundance and species richness of fruit flies at seven days intervals from June until August 2021 in Bogor District (Babakan, Mekarsari and Parigi Mekar) and Depok District (Bedahan and Pancoran Mas), West Java, Indonesia. A total of 1,025 individuals were collected and consist of nine species of fruit fly i.e., Bactrocera albistrigata, B. carambolae, B. neocognata, B. verbascifoliae, Dacus conopsoides, D. longicornis, Zeugodacus calumniata, Z. caudatus, and Z. cucurbitae. The number of individuals of fruit flies was highest in the Bedahan, Depok District (F = 5.454, P = 0.002). Zeugodacus cucurbitae was the most abundant species (792 individuals), representing 77.27% of the specimens collected during the sampling period. The highest Shannon–Wiener diversity index of all fruit flies captured in this study was in Bedahan, Depok (1.11) and the lowest in Parigi Mekar, Bogor (0.23). A Bray–Curtis analysis showed that the species compositions of fruit flies on Bedahan and Parigi Mekar had a similarity of 70.1%.


Bactrocera spp.; Dacus spp.; Zeugodacus spp.; Steiner trap; Cue lure.

Full Text:



Akhila, M. U., & Jiji, T. (2015). Record of solanum fruit fly, Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) infesting solanaceous vegetables in Kerala. Current Biotica, 9(1), 78–81. https://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2015/20153371510.pdf

Almeida, R. D. R., Cruz, K. R., Sousa, M. D. S. M. de, Costa-Neto, S. V. da, Jesus-Barros, C. R. de, Lima, A. L., & Adaime, R. (2016). Frugivorous Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae, Lonchaeidae) Associated with Fruit Production on Ilha de Santana, Brazilian Amazon. Florida Entomologist, 99(3), 426–436. https://doi.org/10.1653/024.099.0313

Apriyadi, R., Saputra, H. M., Sintia, S., & Andini, D. E. (2021). The Diversity of Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Combination of Attractant and Different Trap Height in Cucumber Field (Cucumis sativus L.). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 926(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/926/1/012059

Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS). (2008). Fruit Flies

Indonesia: Their Identification, Pest Status and Pest Management.

Conducted by the international center for the management of pest fruit flies

Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, and ministry of Agriculture,

Republic of Indonesia

Bajaj, K., & Singh, S. (2020). Preference of Bactrocera spp. To methyl eugenol based different coloured traps. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(1), 233–235.

Bellis, G. A., Brito, A. A., de Jesus, H., Quintao, V., Sarmento, J. C., Bere, A., Rodrigues, J., & Hancock, D. L. (2017). A preliminary account of the fruit fly fauna of Timor-Leste (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). In Zootaxa, 4362(3), 421–432. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4362.3.6

Broughton, S., & Rahman, T. (2017). Evaluation of lures and traps for male and female monitoring of Mediterranean fruit fly in pome and stone fruit. Journal of Applied Entomology, 141(6), 441–449. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12360

de Meyer, M., Delatte, H., Mwatawala, M., Quilici, S., Vayssières, J. F., & Virgilio, M. (2015). A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. In ZooKeys, 2015(540), 539–557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672

Drew, R. A. I., & Romig, M. (2013). Tropical fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) of South-East Asia: Indomalaya to North-West Australasia. In Tropical fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) of South-East Asia: Indomalaya to North-West Australasia. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781780640358.0000

Follett, P. A., Asmus, G., & Hamilton, L. J. (2022). Poor Host Status of Australian Finger Lime, Citrus australasica, to Ceratitis capitata, Zeugodacus cucurbitae, and Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawai’i. Insects, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13020177

Gizachew, G. (2022). Spatial-temporal and Factors Influencing the Distribution of Biodiversity: A Review. ASEAN Journal of Science and Engineering, 2(3), 273–284. https://doi.org/10.17509/ajse.v2i3.42953

Hudiwaku, S., Himawan, T., & Rizali, A. (2021). Diversity and species composition of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in lombok island, indonesia. Biodiversitas, 22(10), 4608–4616. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d221054

Linda, L., Witjaksono, W., & Suputa, S. (2018). Species Composition of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Sorong and Raja Ampat, West Papua. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 22(2), 193. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.25280

Mulyadi, R., Wilyus, & Novalina. (2021). Number of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) trapped in various combinations of methyl eugenol dosages and trap colors. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 667(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/667/1/012085

Nair, N., Chatterjee, M., Pal, P. & Das, K. (2021). Seasonal incidence of fruit flies (Zeugodacus caudatus and Bactrocera rubigina) in Tripura, N.E. India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 9(1), 2059-2063. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349570166_Seasonal_incidence_of_fruit_flies_Zeugodacus_caudatus_and_Bactrocera_rubigina_in_Tripura_NE_India

Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F. G., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Minchin, P. R., O’Hara, R. B., Simpson, G. L., Solymos, P., Stevens, M. H. H., & Wagner, H. (2013). Package vegan: Community Ecology Package. In R package version 2.3-1.

Schutze, M., McMahon, J., Krosch, M., Strutt, F., Royer, J., Bottrill, M., Woods, N., Cameron, S., Woods, B., Blacket, M., & (Eds.). (2018). The Australian Handbook for the Identification of Fruit Flies (Version 3.1). Canberra : Plant Health Australia. https://www.planthealthaustralia.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/The-Australian-Handbook-for-the-Identification-of-Fruit-Flies-v3.1.pdf

Shah, S. A. (2021). Response of fruit essences with Methyl eugenol to attract Bactrocera spp. at Chiku orchard. Pure and Applied Biology, 10(3), 922–927. https://doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2021.100095

Stupp, P., Junior, R. M., Nora Cardoso, T. D., Padilha, A. C., Hoffer, A., Bernardi, D., & Botton, M. (2021). Mass trapping is a viable alternative to insecticides for management of Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) in apple orchards in Brazil. Crop Protection, 139, 105391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105391

Sultana, S., Baumgartner, J. B., Dominiak, B. C., Royer, J. E., & Beaumont, L. J. (2020). Impacts of climate change on high priority fruit fly species in Australia. PLoS ONE, 15(2), e0213820. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213820

Suwinda, S., Wilyus, W., Novalina, N., & Wilyus, W. (2020). Effectiveness of the combination of attractants and colors in trapping fruit flies [Bactrocera spp] on chili plant [Capsicum annuum L.]. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 497(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/497/1/012033

Tan, K. H., & Nishida, R. (2012). Methyl eugenol: Its occurrence, distribution, and role in nature, especially in relation to insect behavior and pollination. In Journal of Insect Science, 12(1), 56. https://doi.org/10.1673/031.012.5601

Tan, K. H., Tokushima, I., Ono, H., & Nishida, R. (2011). Comparison of phenylpropanoid volatiles in male rectal pheromone gland after methyl eugenol consumption, and molecular phylogenetic relationship of four global pest fruit fly species: Bactrocera invadens, B. dorsalis, B. correcta and B. zonata. Chemoecology, 21(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-010-0063-1

Tarno, H., Septia, E. D., & Aini, L. Q. (2016). Microbial community associated with ambrosia beetle, Euplatypus parallelus on sonokembang, Pterocarpus indicus in Malang. Agrivita, 38(3), 312–320. https://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v38i3.628

Team, R. C. (2021). R: A language and environment for statistical computing v. 3.6. 1 (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2019). Scientific Reports. https://www.R-project.org/.

Trisyono, Y. A., Martono, E., & Siwi, S. S. (2010). Update on The Host Range of Different Species of Fruit Flies in Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 16(2), 62–75. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11725

Vargas, R. I., Shelly, T. E., Leblanc, L., & Piñero, J. C. (2010). Recent advances in methyl eugenol and cue-lure technologies for fruit fly detection, monitoring, and control in hawaii. In Vitamins and Hormones, 83(C), 575–595. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0083-6729(10)83023-7

Vargas, R. I., Piñero, J. C., & Leblanc, L. (2015). An overview of pest species of Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the integration of biopesticides with other biological approaches for their management with a focus on the pacific region. In Insects, 6(2), 297–318. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects6020297

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.rjls.2021.008.03.7


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.