Potential the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) in Feed Formulation for Growth of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)

Ayu Azkiyah Azizah, Arning Wilujeng Ekawati, Happy Nursyam


The utilization of maggot as larvae from black soldier fly is an alternative substitution of fish meal as the primary protein source in fish feed. Maggot is cultivated in 3 different cultivation, the medium used is organic waste, tofu waste, and wheat pollard. The method that used in this research is Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 3 replication. This study aims to determine the effect of various types of maggot growth media, 1) with maggot biomass parameters, containers, and growing media conditions maggot, 2) then, exact proximate composition, total amino acids content of the prepupae samples were determined. Based on the results of the analysis, each dose of treatment (media) has an influence on the different maggot biomass. The best media treatment results are pollard flour. The proximate analysis showed that BSF larvae had a protein content of 50,88% and also fat content of 15%.


Black soldier fly; Cultivation media; Protein source; Substitution; Common carp

Full Text:



Annisa, S., Darmanto, Y. S., & Amalia, U. (2017). Pengaruh Perbedaan Spesies Ikan Terhadap Hidrolisat Protein Ikan Dengan Penambahan Enzim Papain (The Effect of Various Fish Species On Fish Protein Hydrolysate With The Addition of Papain Enzyme). Saintek Perikanan : Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology, 13(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijfst.13.1.24-30

Barroso, F. G., de Haro, C., Sánchez-Muros, M.-J., Venegas, E., Martínez-Sánchez, A., & Pérez-Bañón, C. (2014). The potential of various insect species for use as food for fish. Aquaculture, 422–423, 193–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.12.024

Bosch, G., Zhang, S., Oonincx, D. G. A. B., & Hendriks, W. H. (2014). Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods. Journal of Nutritional Science, 3(e29), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1017/jns.2014.23

Cummins, V. C., Rawles, S. D., Thompson, K. R., Velasquez, A., Kobayashi, Y., Hager, J., & Webster, C. D. (2017). Evaluation of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal as partial or total replacement of marine fish meal in practical diets for Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquaculture, 473(2), 337–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.02.022

De Haas, E. M., Wagner, C., Koelmans, A. A., Kraak, M. H. S., & Admiraal, W. (2006). Habitat selection by chironomid larvae: fast growth requires fast food. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(1), 148–155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.01030.x

Gobbi P, Martínez-Sánchez A, Rojo S. 2017. The Impact of Diet Protein and Carbohydrate on Select Life-History Traits of The Black Soldier Fly Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Insects, 8(2), 56. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8020056

Henry, M., Gasco, L., Piccolo, G., & Fountoulaki, E. (2015). Review on the use of insects in the diet of farmed fish: Past and future. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 203, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.03.001

Islamy, R. A. (2019). Antibacterial Activity of Cuttlefish Sepia sp. (Cephalopoda,) Ink Extract Against Aeromonas hydrophila. Majalah Obat Tradisional, 24(3), 184. https://doi.org/10.22146/mot.45315

Islamy, R. A., Yanuhar, U., & Hertika, A. M. S. (2017). Assessing the Genotoxic Potentials of Methomyl-based Pesticide in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Using Micronucleus Assay. The Journal of Experimental Life Sciences, 7(2), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jels.2017.007.02.05

Kilawati, Y., & Islamy, R. A. (2019). The Antigenotoxic Activity of Brown Seaweed (Sargassum sp.) Extract Against Total Erythrocyte and Micronuclei of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus Exposed by Methomyl-Base Pesticide. The Journal of Experimental Life Sciences, 9(3), 205–210. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jels.2019.009.03.11

Lalander, C., Diener, S., Magri, M. E., Zurbrügg, C., Lindström, A., & Vinnerås, B. (2013). Faecal sludge management with the larvae of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) — From a hygiene aspect. Science of The Total Environment, 458–460, 312–318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.033

Li, Q., Zheng, L., Qiu, N., Cai, H., Tomberlin, J. K., & Yu, Z. (2011). Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production. Waste Management, 31(6), 1316–1320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.01.005

Lock, E. R., Arsiwalla, T., & Waagbø, R. (2015). Insect larvae meal as an alternative source of nutrients in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) postsmolt. Aquaculture Nutrition, 22(6), 1202–1213. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12343

Makkar, H. P. S., Tran, G., Heuzé, V., & Ankers, P. (2014). State-of-the-art on use of insects as animal feed. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 197, 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.07.008

Moffitt, C. M., & Cajas-Cano, L. (2014). Blue Growth: The 2014 FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Fisheries, 39(11), 552–553. https://doi.org/10.1080/03632415.2014.966265

Pauly, D., & Zeller, D. (2017). Comments on FAOs State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA 2016). Marine Policy, 77, 176–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.01.006

Pratama, W. W., Nursyam, H., Hariati, A. M., Islamy, R. A., & VERYL HASAN. (2020). Short Communication: Proximate analysis, amino acid profile and albumin concentration of various weights of Giant Snakehead (Channa micropeltes) from Kapuas Hulu, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 21(3), 1196–1200. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d210346

Purschke, B., Scheibelberger, R., Axmann, S., Adler, A., & Jäger, H. (2017). Impact of substrate contamination with mycotoxins, heavy metals and pesticides on the growth performance and composition of black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) for use in the feed and food value chain. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, 34(8), 1410–1420. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2017.1299946

Regulation 68/2013/EC, 2013. No 68/2013 of 16 January 2013 on the Catalogue of feed materials. Off. J. Eur. Union 56, 1–64.

Soebjakto, S. 2015. Laporan Kinerja Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya Tahun 2014. Kementrian Kelautan dan Perikanan DJPB, Jakarta. 51 hlm.

Spranghers, T., Ottoboni, M., Klootwijk, C., Ovyn, A., Deboosere, S., De Meulenaer, B., Michiels, J., Eeckhout, M., De Clercq, P., & De Smet, S. (2016). Nutritional composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae reared on different organic waste substrates. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(8), 2594–2600. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8081

Huis, A. van. (2013). Potential of Insects as Food and Feed in Assuring Food Security. Annual Review of Entomology, 58(1), 563–583. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153704

Veldkamp, T., Duinkerken, G., Huis, A.V., Lakemond, C., Ottevanger, E., Bosch, G., & Boekel, T.V. (2012). Insects as a sustainable feed ingredient in pig and poultry diets : a feasibility study = Insecten als duurzame diervoedergrondstof in varkens- en pluimveevoeders : een haalbaarheidsstudie.

Wardhana, A. H, Muharsini S. 2004. Studi pupa lalat penyebab Myasis, Chrysomya bezziana di Indonesia. Dalam: Thalib A, Sendow I, Purwadaria T, Tarmudji, Darmono, Triwulanningsih E, Beriajaya, Natalia L, Nurhayati, Ketaren PP, et al., penyunting. Iptek sebagai Motor Penggerak Pembangunan Sistem dan Usaha Agribisnis Peternakan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Bogor, 4-5 Agustus 2004. Bogor (Indonesia): Puslitbangnak. hlm. 702-710.

Zheng, L., Li, Q., Zhang, J., & Yu, Z. (2012). Double the biodiesel yield: Rearing black soldier fly larvae, Hermetia illucens, on solid residual fraction of restaurant waste after grease extraction for biodiesel production. Renewable Energy, 41, 75–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.10.004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.rjls.2020.007.03.5


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.