Correlation Analysis of Knowledge and Education Against the Implementation of Basic Life Support (BHD) in Patients of Cardiac Arrest by Nurses in Emergency Installation and ICU of General Hospital of Dr. Soedarso Pontianak

Maulidah Maulidah, Dhelya Widasmara, Titin Andri Wihastuti


Cardiac arrest is a condition where the heart stopped abruptly, and this condition usually occurs in someone who has had heart disease or has never experienced it. In terms of clinical, someone who is experiencing a state of cardiac arrest found no signs of a palpable pulse and other signs of circulation. Efforts in terms of handling cases of the cardiac arrest itself need the role of nurse, one cardiac arrest treatment efforts by nurses are implementing Basic Life Support. The factors that affect the implementation of BHD itself is knowledge and education. The purpose of this research is analizing the correlation between knowledge and education on the implementation of BHD in cardiac arrest patients by nurses in the Emergency Installation and ICU of the General Hospital of Dr. Soedarso Pontianak. This study uses a cross-sectional approach with descriptive corelational type. The population in this study are 56 nurses. Sampling technique using total sampling. The result of this study, based on two variables: the knowledge and education have the same p-value that is p=0.000 or α <0.05. It means that there is a correlation between knowledge and education on the implementation of BHD in patients with cardiac arrest in General Hospital of Dr. Soedarso Pontianak.


Cardiac arrest, BHD, knowledge, education

Full Text:



Benner, P., Tanner, C., & Chesla, C. (1992). From beginner to expert : gaining a differentiated clinical world in critical care nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 14(3), 13–28.

Field, J. M., Hazinski, M. F., Sayre, M. R., Chameides, L., Schexnayder, S. M., Hemphill, R., Samson, R. A., Kattwinkel, J., Berg, R. A., Bhanji, F., Cave, D. M., Jauch, E. C., Kudenchuk, P. J., Neumar, R. W., Peberdy, M. A., Perlman, J. M., Sinz, E., Travers, A. H., Berg, M. D., … Vanden Hoek, T. L. (2010). Part 1: Executive Summary: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation, 122(18_suppl_3), S640–S656.

Glaa, B. and S. Chick (2011). Trained Nurse Location Model for In-hospital Cardiac Arrest Survival. Abu Dhabi Education Council, Abu Dhabi: 21.

Kusnanto. (2003). Profesi dan praktik keperawatan. Jakarta : EGC.

Lee, I. S. F., & Low, L. P. L. (2010). Nurses’ role in the early defibrillation of cardiac patients: Implications for nursing in Hong Kong. Contemporary Nurse, 35(1), 88–94.

Lenjani, B., Baftiu, N., Pallaska, K., Hyseni, K., Gashi, N., Karemani, N., Bunjaku, I., Zaimi, T., Jakupi, A., & Elshani, B. (2014). Cardiac arrest – cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Journal of Acute Disease, 3(1), 31–35.

Lim, S. H., Aw, S. J., Cheong, M. A., Chew, J., Ler, A. C., Yong, L. P., Chan, Y. H., Win, M., & Suppiah, N. (2016). A randomised control trial to compare retention rates of two cardiopulmonary resuscitation instruction methods in the novice. Resuscitation, 103, 82–87.

Maliono, I. (2007). Pengetahuan. Jakarta, Lembaga Penerbitan FEUI.

Meaney, P. A., Bobrow, B. J., Mancini, M. E., Christenson, J., de Caen, A. R., Bhanji, F., Abella, B. S., Kleinman, M. E., Edelson, D. P., Berg, R. A., Aufderheide, T. P., Menon, V., & Leary, M. (2013). Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality: Improving Cardiac Resuscitation Outcomes Both Inside and Outside the Hospital. Circulation, 128(4), 417–435.

Murwani, S. (2008). Asuhan keperawatan keluarga. Jogjakarta: Mitra Cendik.

Mutaqqin, A. (2009). Asuhan keperawatan klien dengan gangguan sistem kardiovaskuler dan hematologi. Jakarta : Salemba Medika.

PERKI (2016). Panduan praktik klinis (PPK) dan clinical pathway (CP) penyakit jantung dan pembuluh darah.

Sitorus, R. and R. Pandjaitan (2011). Buku ajar manajemen keperawatan. Jakarta : EGC.

Travers, A. H., Rea, T. D., Bobrow, B. J., Edelson, D. P., Berg, R. A., Sayre, M. R., Berg, M. D., Chameides, L., O'Connor, R. E., & Swor, R. A. (2010). Part 4: CPR overview: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation, 122(18 Suppl 3), S676–S684.

Turangan, T. S., Kumaat, L. T., & Malara, R. (2017). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pengetahuan perawat dalam menghadapi cardiac arrest di RSUP Prof. R. D. Kadou Manado. e-Jurnal Keperawatan, 5(1)



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.