The Effect of Used Form and Level Green Cincau Leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) as Feed Additive on Broiler Performance Production

Muhammad Halim Natsir, Osfar Sjofjan, Muharlien Muharlien


The aimed research was to examine the effect of used form and level green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) as feed additive on broiler performance (feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and income over feed cost). The materials used were 192 Day Old Chicks (DOC) of Lohman MB Platinum with average initial body weight of 37.4±2.87 g, encapsulated or non encapsulated green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) and encapsulants. Encapsulants that used was the mixture of gum arab-whey (4:1) wich was added BHT 0.06%. Encapsulants that used was 25% of green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers). The method in this experiment was in vivo experiment with Nested Completely Randomized Design with 2 form of green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) (non encapsulated and encapsulated) and 4 levels of inclusions 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5%, if there were significant effect it would be future tested with Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The result showed that green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) in either encapsulated and non encapsulated form didn’t significantly effect (P>0.05) on consumption, feed conversion ratio and IOFC, but it significantly affected (P<0.05) body weight gain and they tended to increase (P<0.01) production index. Increasing levels of green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) form 0 to 1.5% in encapsulated and non encapsulated form didn’t significantly improve feed conversion ratio, IOFC and production index, thought they tended to increase (P<0.05) feed consumption and they tended to increase (P<0.01) body weight gain. The conclusion of this research was encapsulated better than non encapsulated green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers). The optimal level of feed additive in encapsulated green cincau leaves (Cycleabarbata L. Miers) was 1.0%.


green cincau leaves; Cycleabarbata L. miers; encapsulated; broiler performance

Full Text:



Alberti, G. (2005). Introduction to the metabolic syndrome. European Heart Journal Supplements, 7 (suppl D), D3-D5.

Aldhahi, W., & Hamdy, O. (2003). Adipokines, inflammation, and the endothelium in diabetes. Current Diabetes Reports, 3 (4), 293-298.

Arshad, S., & Hussain, M. M. (2013). Correlation of Insulin Resistance with Thyroid Profile in Streptozotocin Induced Type 2 Diabetic Rats. Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College (JRMC), 17 (2), 277-280.

Atanasovska, E., Tasic, V., Slaninka-Miceska, M., Alabakovska, S., Zafirov, D., Kostova, E., … Labacevski, N. (2014). Six week follow-up of metabolic effects induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Contributions Sec Med Sci, 35 (1), 169-79.

Bantle, J. P. (2009). Dietary Fructose and Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes. Journal of Nutrition, 139 (6), 1263S-1268S.

Beevers, G., Lip, G. Y., & O’brien, E. (2001). The pathophysiology of hypertension. Bmj, 322 (7291), 912–916.

Bertram, C. E., & Hanson, M. A. (2001). Animal models and programming of the metabolic syndrome Type 2 diabetes. British Medical Bulletin, 60 (1), 103–121.

Cameron, A. J., Shaw, J. E., & Zimmet, P. Z. (2004). The metabolic syndrome: prevalence in worldwide populations. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, 33 (2), 351–375, table of contents.

Cani, P. D., Bibiloni, R., Knauf, C., Waget, A., Neyrinck, A. M., Delzenne, N. M., & Burcelin, R. (2008). Changes in gut microbiota control metabolic endotoxemia-induced inflammation in high-fat diet-induced obesity and diabetes in mice. Diabetes, 57 (6), 1470–1481.

Creely, S. J., McTernan, P. G., Kusminski, C. M., Fisher, ff M., Da Silva, N. F., Khanolkar, M., … Kumar, S. (2007). Lipopolysaccharide activates an innate immune system response in human adipose tissue in obesity and type 2 diabetes. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism, 292 (3), E740–747.

Gajda, A. M., Pellizzon, M. A., Ricci, M. R., & Ulman, E. A. (2007). Diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rodent models. Animal Lab News, 74, 775–793.

Grundy, S. M. (2004). Definition of Metabolic Syndrome: Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Conference on Scientific Issues Related to Definition. Circulation, 109 (3), 433–438.

Ibrahim, A., Natrajan, S., & Ghafoorunissa, R. (2005). Dietary trans-fatty acids alter adipocyte plasma membrane fatty acid composition and insulin sensitivity in rats. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 54 (2), 240–246.

Jang, H.-J., Ridgeway, S. D., & Kim, J. -a. (2013). Effects of the green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate on high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 305 (12), E1444–E1451.

Kuate, D., Kengne, A. P. N., Biapa, C. P. N., Azantsa, B. G. K., & Wan Muda, W. A. M. B. (2015). Tetrapleura tetraptera spice attenuates high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-induced obese and type 2 diabetic rats with metabolic syndrome features. Lipids in Health and Disease, 14.

Lichtenstein, A. H., Jauhiainen, M., McGladdery, S., Ausman, L. M., Jalbert, S. M., Vilella-Bach, M., … Schaefer, E. J. (2001). Impact of hydrogenated fat on high density lipoprotein subfractions and metabolism. Journal of Lipid Research, 42 (4), 597–604.

Novelli, E. L. B., Diniz, Y. S., Galhardi, C. M., Ebaid, G. M. X., Rodrigues, H. G., Mani, F., … Novelli Filho, J. L. V. B. (2007). Anthropometrical parameters and markers of obesity in rats. Laboratory Animals, 41 (1), 111–119.

Suman, R. K., Ray Mohanty, I., Borde, M. K., Maheshwari, U., & Deshmukh, Y. A. (2016). Development of an Experimental Model of Diabetes Co-Existing with Metabolic Syndrome in Rats. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences, 2016, 1–11.

Wang, H. J., Jin, Y. X., Shen, W., Neng, J., Wu, T., Li, Y. J., & Fu, Z. W. (2007). Low dose streptozotocin (STZ) combined with high energy intake can effectively induce type 2 diabetes through altering the related gene expression. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16 (S1), 412–417.

Wong, S. K., Chin, K.-Y., Suhaimi, F. H., Fairus, A., & Ima-Nirwana, S. (2016). Animal models of metabolic syndrome: a review. Nutrition & Metabolism, 13 (1).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.